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Societal Security
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia

Research in Dimensions of Societal Security
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia




Societal Security
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia, Tehran: Research Institute of Strategic Studies (Rahbordi), 2009.


Societal Security
Security's lifetime is as long as history of human social life, but it was a few decades that it has received scientific attention. Therefore, the theoretical process in its semantic area is still continued. In security studies there are some major schools and theories about security and particularly national security, but in sociology, security in its common and classic notion has not been yet sorted out, and its semantic area has not scientifically shaped. Anthony Giddens, the contemporary sociologist, has considered security, but has not presented deferent viewpoint from security studies theorists. Due to lack of scientific references in security and especially societal security, referring to micro and macro sociology axioms we decided to draw the security semantic area and recognize its common and distinctive aspects as compared to security studies. So, this book must be regard as initial effort to fill this gap.
Societal Security was hypothesized by Copenhagen School in 1993, but because it has political origin and contains national security concerns, has expressed particular presuppositions including governmental view to societal security and being threat-based. Because of its differences from security studies, sociology has different view to societal security and in spite of their overlaps, it describes distinctive vision. To process semantic area of societal security and its mechanisms in sociology, reasoning and inference methods have been used and a framework has been developed with sociological assumptions. Thus, this book is the firs book concerning security and societal security in sociological viewpoint.
This book includes six sections; in chapter one main structure of security doctrine in security studies is described. Reviewing Anthony Giddens opinions, chapter two studies some of his assumptions in developing security notion in sociology. Chapter three focuses on micro sociology and display the security from this viewpoint. Chapter four investigates the security in light of macro sociology and generally describes mass security aspects. Chapter five focuses on general scheme of security in sociology and compares semantic area of security, aspects, visions, and security levels in security studies and sociology. Chapter six focuses on societal security solutions and while explaining the societal security from Copenhagen School standpoint, challenges their theoretical requirements and after recount their theoretical weaknesses and strengths, expresses the theoretical model of societal security in sociology.

Table of Contents


Security Bases in Sociology; Societal Security Scope

Section 1: General Model of Security in Security Studies
1. Security Approaches
        1.1. Negative Security Discourse
        1.2. Positive Security Discourse
2. Security Face in Security Studies

Section 2: Security Path in Sociology
    2. Security in Anthony Giddens Theories
        2.1. Trust and Security
        2.2. Trust in Relations
        2.3. Confidence and Security
        2.4. Anxiety and Insecurity
        2.5. Giddens Solution
        2.6. Appraisal of Giddens Theories

Section 3: Security Domain in Micro sociology
        3.1. Theoretical Principles
        3.2. Security Aspects
        3.3. Security Levels
        3.4. Security Definition
        3.5. Look to Security
        3.6. Security Mechanism
        3.7. Conclusion

Section 4: Security Domain in Macro sociology
        4.1. Theoretical Principles
4.2. Security Referent Object
        4.3. Security Aspects
        4.4. Security Levels
        4.5. Security Definition
        4.6. Look to Security
        4.7. Security Mechanism
        4.8. Conclusion

Chapter 5: General Model of Security in Sociology
        5.1. Definition
        5.2. Security Levels
        5.3. Security Levels; Objectivity and Subjectivity
        5.4. Concerns about Extent of Security Issues
        5.5. Insecurity
        5.6. Security Axioms in Sociology
        5.7. Conclusion

Section 6: Societal Security Path in Sociology
        6.1. Societal Security Referent Object
        6.2. Societal Community Situation and Societal Security
        6.3. Societies Multiplicity and Societal Security
        6.4. Societal Security Criterion
        6.5. Security Line
        6.6. Societal Security Axioms in Sociology
        6.7. Conclusion