All About Security From Sociology Viewpoint
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Security Priorities of Citizens in Various Zones of Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
With emphasis on security models and considering utilization mode of various city places in Tehran, this survey studies the citizens' status in these places in regard of their security priorities

Police, Security and Family Institution
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
In modern society, family is not an autonomous and self governed institution and essentially depends on other institutions to supply many of its requirements, as it needs the police to provide security.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Social Conditions and Security Discourses
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This article attempts to study the type of prevalent discourse in securitization of society with emphasis on social conditions

The police perspective; security and social capital
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
The police as one of the main supporters of security have a remarkable place and there is no doubt about perspective of its future role and function.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Situations of Walfare and Societal Security, A Study in Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This research is studying the societal security with emphasis on welfare status variable and investigating the rate societal security at present conditions


Security and Metaphors I


We hear a lot about security, and we would not retell them here; but the point is revision of security with inspiration from sociology lessons and rewrite security in sociology viewpoint. So, following the method of most of classic sociologists, we start with metaphors.
First metaphor: security is as necessary as "parents" and without it life would be very difficult, or even impossible. Therefore there is no doubt about necessity of security. But does every father or mother's hug comfort children? Can we consider every father or mother a refuge for child? Is every father or mother a guarantor of his or her child's happiness? Children need competence, ability and adequacy in father and mother to have this situation with them. Similarly, security without such qualifications can't be comforting, calming and reassuring.
Second metaphor: security is something like life facilities such as "water" or "electricity" or "fuel". They not only make the life possible, but also result in comfort and easy life. So we can conclude that by realizing the security, life will show her kind and gentle face. A question occurs here: do facilities always result in optimum life? Isn't the manner of using facilities more important of having them? If we use contaminated water or encounter electric shock our lives wouldn't improve and contrariwise would ruin. Similarly, security is an endowment that life would be comfort with it, if we know its correct manner of use and apply it.
Third metaphor: imagine security as an "organism".
Although this metaphor increases the complexity of security, but it easily reveals security deficiencies. The body comprises many different organs and limbs which one has a specific function and coordination between them makes the being lives correctly. Security known by police and military forces lacks diverse organs with numerous functions. Moreover, the brain has a coordinator and commander role in body, but it doesn't force under commands to obey it.
Fourth metaphor: it is possible to consider security something like a car. Although cars are different in type of motor, stability and so on, they are similar in their need to driver. If no driver exists or if the driver doesn't drive correctly, passenger would never arrive at destination. On the other hand, no passenger uses car just for riding, but every passenger uses car to arrive at a destination different from the other's one. Security, too, has broad diversity like cars: from the security of life and properties to security of building or installation, to identity security and signifying security; but who are the providers of this diversity? Where are the security drivers? And which destination do they purpose? Do these drivers accept passengers' different paths? Do they deliver any passenger to his or her own destination and more important, do they have the ability to do this?
Seemingly, with these metaphors we can't properly aim at semantic and functional field of security. "Security means to create a refuge and shelter for life. Security is a supportive and protective cocoon that causes mass convenience and tranquility. Security is a guarantee for living in comfort (Navidnia: 2009, 58)".

Source: Navidnia, Manijeh (2009) "Societal Security", Tehran: Research Institute of Strategic Studies.
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