All About Security From Sociology Viewpoint
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Security Priorities of Citizens in Various Zones of Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
With emphasis on security models and considering utilization mode of various city places in Tehran, this survey studies the citizens' status in these places in regard of their security priorities

Police, Security and Family Institution
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
In modern society, family is not an autonomous and self governed institution and essentially depends on other institutions to supply many of its requirements, as it needs the police to provide security.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Social Conditions and Security Discourses
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This article attempts to study the type of prevalent discourse in securitization of society with emphasis on social conditions

The police perspective; security and social capital
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
The police as one of the main supporters of security have a remarkable place and there is no doubt about perspective of its future role and function.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Situations of Walfare and Societal Security, A Study in Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This research is studying the societal security with emphasis on welfare status variable and investigating the rate societal security at present conditions


Security and Needs


Needs have been categorized into two main groups: primary (critical) needs such as water, air, food; and the secondary needs such as leisure, respect, freedom and so on. Needs are usually common requests that people have them according to their existence, but by these needs change with people conditions and situations, so that Maslow belief all needs together are not requested and depend on the necessity of them in individual life and the level of satisfaction; therefore Maslow admits a hierarchy for needs.
For example, by providing some physical needs, affection would be raised and therefore providing a level of basic needs can provide rising secondary needs.This is also true about security, the need for different aspects of security changes according to the social conditions and status, and its appearance and demand differs from a social class to another.
"Average safety is higher in north Tehran... amount of criminal groups residing in the region is less. Job security in region north is more than south... Number of wealthy individuals who have free and independent jobs are more in terms of money (Navidnia: 2006, 102)." Thus, we can conclude that safety demands and security are a function of the quantitative and qualitative terms is people's lives. In other words, the type and amount of security needs is an index to determine economic and social situation of people. "Families living in north Tehran have less financial security than southern region... High financial security in the south... People of this region are financially in more low level and are equally exposed to less threats such as theft (Navidnia: 2006, 98)".

Source: Navidnia, Manijeh (2006) "Socetial Security of the family and the place of Residence", Tehran: Social Welfare Quarterly, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Vol. 6, No. 22, Fall.
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