All About Security From Sociology Viewpoint
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Security Priorities of Citizens in Various Zones of Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
With emphasis on security models and considering utilization mode of various city places in Tehran, this survey studies the citizens' status in these places in regard of their security priorities

Police, Security and Family Institution
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
In modern society, family is not an autonomous and self governed institution and essentially depends on other institutions to supply many of its requirements, as it needs the police to provide security.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Social Conditions and Security Discourses
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This article attempts to study the type of prevalent discourse in securitization of society with emphasis on social conditions

The police perspective; security and social capital
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
The police as one of the main supporters of security have a remarkable place and there is no doubt about perspective of its future role and function.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Situations of Walfare and Societal Security, A Study in Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This research is studying the societal security with emphasis on welfare status variable and investigating the rate societal security at present conditions


Security and Control I


One of the effective mechanisms of providing security is control and surveillance that can nowadays be done palpable or impalpable. Of course the older forms of surveillance that is official and unofficial surveillance still continues and each forms has a share in sociability of persons. However, security is more based on formal monitoring by police, law enforcement and intelligence forces, and less uses informal supervision. There is no discussion about main mechanism of control and surveillance to provide security, and there are broad studies and researches about monitoring methods and surveillance tools for increasing attaining of security that we are not to express them. But the debate is that each process for doing proper function and ensuring accuracy of its actions usually needs standards and criteria for control and surveillance. For example, to assess accuracy of a teacher's performance in the classroom, it is needed to monitor teacher by some educational criteria. In fact, basic function of monitoring and surveillance, in addition to understanding types of measures, is estimating their state and directing action to specified route. Now we must ask that is there any true surveillance on security measures, decisions and plans? "In liberal governments, internal security includes "security of government alongside security of nation".
It means if we consider two main aspects for society, government and nation, regardless of their common aspect, their distinct aspects have not any superiority to the other and set alongsideā€¦ But in totalitarian regime, internal security is "security of nation for security of government". It means that internal security must be provided to government has no worry about people and assures that people have no threats for it (Navidnia: 2007, 37)". As we can consider from difference of security in liberal and in totalitarian governments, security measures cover a broad range of actions and behaviors from extremely positive to extremely negative. Which surveillance criteria and controlling standards can reveal the difference between these measures, all are done under the name of security?

Source: Navidnia, Manijeh (2007) "Supra-security and Intra-security Fields Regarding internal Security", Tehran: quarterly of public security, Vol. 3, No. 4&5, Autumn & Winter.
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