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Security Priorities of Citizens in Various Zones of Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
With emphasis on security models and considering utilization mode of various city places in Tehran, this survey studies the citizens' status in these places in regard of their security priorities

Police, Security and Family Institution
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
In modern society, family is not an autonomous and self governed institution and essentially depends on other institutions to supply many of its requirements, as it needs the police to provide security.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Social Conditions and Security Discourses
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This article attempts to study the type of prevalent discourse in securitization of society with emphasis on social conditions

The police perspective; security and social capital
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
The police as one of the main supporters of security have a remarkable place and there is no doubt about perspective of its future role and function.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Situations of Walfare and Societal Security, A Study in Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This research is studying the societal security with emphasis on welfare status variable and investigating the rate societal security at present conditions


Security and Self I


Herbert Mead believes that self is composed of "I" and "Me" interaction between them forms everyone's self. Morris Rosenberg spoke about three selves: "desired self", "presenting self" and "extant self". What causes recognition of different parts for "self" is different interests and requests of each part.
So that "I" is a function of person's inner needs and "Me" is a function of social and cultural situations. Obviously, fewer gaps between inner requests and outer demands, means less conflict and opposition in "self" and identity would be integrated. Conversely, more gaps between inner wish and outer demand would result in anxiety and worry in "self". What is the relation between security and self? At first place, preserving the life and being of "self" has a high importance. Preserving life of people is considered one of the most important functions of security. Indeed this is true, but when we talk about "self" we more imply qualitative being and inner life than physical and material body. So we must ask again about the relation between security and "self". Is this relation something like the protective relation between father and child? Like the caring relation between mother and child? Like imperative relation between boss and subordinate? Like educational relation between teacher and student? Like supervisory relation between police and people? Like relation between advisor and client? Like respectable relation between two adults? Like kind relation between two friends? Like relation between doctor and patient? Like relation between leader and followers? Like relation between savior and guilty? With understanding the semantic field of security we could find the answer.
"In micro-sociology level, security is a procedure that encompasses various aspects of daily life. Security is along representation of "self" and act as a cocoon around "self" and provide assurance for person by removing anxieties and supplying "self". With realization of security the person doesn't worry about his or her life and would reach perception of life. But insecurity implicates affairs prevent representation of "self" and divest person's comfort and increase the worry. In other word, security is a symbolic process for expressing oneself. Security is a comfort that "self" would reach it by expressing himself or herself through responding the needs (Navidnia: 2009, 47)". Accordingly relation between security and "self" depends on self's modes and situations. It sometimes needs protection, sometimes needs support, or supervision, friendship, advice, education and so on. So security of self isn't based on uniform agenda and making peaceful and tranquil situations requires using all interaction methods and relationship tips. Therefore this is obvious that why security of "self" is an endowment that there is long path to aim it! Source: Navidnia, Manijeh (2009) "Societal Security", Tehran: Research Institute of Strategic Studies.
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