All About Security From Sociology Viewpoint
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Security Priorities of Citizens in Various Zones of Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
With emphasis on security models and considering utilization mode of various city places in Tehran, this survey studies the citizens' status in these places in regard of their security priorities

Police, Security and Family Institution
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
In modern society, family is not an autonomous and self governed institution and essentially depends on other institutions to supply many of its requirements, as it needs the police to provide security.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Social Conditions and Security Discourses
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This article attempts to study the type of prevalent discourse in securitization of society with emphasis on social conditions

The police perspective; security and social capital
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
The police as one of the main supporters of security have a remarkable place and there is no doubt about perspective of its future role and function.

The Analysis of Relationship Between Situations of Walfare and Societal Security, A Study in Tehran
Dr. Manijeh Navidnia
This research is studying the societal security with emphasis on welfare status variable and investigating the rate societal security at present conditions


Security and Opportunity I


In new discourse, security is not defined as absence of threat, but more than it, the existence of desirable conditions to realize collective purposes and requests is needed. Accordingly, a society that doesn't engage in external or internal threats but however don't have enough ability to reach its collective interests, is not in security mode and considered as insecure. With this viewpoint, security would get rid of being briefed in conflicts and struggles and tends to meet needs and gets a positive characteristic. Indeed, security notices to level of development and satisfaction, in addition to level of survival. "Therefore, security is firstly to create assurance for those issues that make survival and then satisfaction of life. Hence, any common need that doesn't have answer will result in insecurity. So what are important are not only known risks such as war, violence or damages like poverty and inequality but also wider range and various types of social lives. As for example we can mention weakening family ties and inclination of people to secondary relations, alienation from self and job, destruction of morality and humanitarian values like Loyalty, honesty, kindness and tenderness (Navidnia: 2009, 59).
" But also in this discourse an important part of life is neglected that it can called liberation and beauty part. Man in his personal life has also frequently experience that lack of risk, meet needs and achieve satisfaction are not enough to achieve peace and tranquility. "For example, the person thinks at first about a home for life (survival level); when he or she is sure about shack, thinks which neighborhood is suitable and with whom he or she prefers to communicate, in which way he or she come sooner to home and so on (satisfaction level); finally the person thinks about beauty of place, its color, its architecture and other options for beautification of it and presents the prosperity of human at it (humanity or beauty level) (Navidnia: 2009, 65)".
"Security is like shelter that human refuge in it not only in heat and cold but also for establishment of happiness and satisfaction. A shelter is also needed to realization issues like understanding beauty, ultimate desirability and ideal values. So in sociology security has at least three levels or modes: survival, development and satisfaction, liberation and beauty. Satisfaction mode is in higher level than survival and focuses on immunity that ensures pleasure and contentment of survival. Very often the person is alive but has no satisfaction of his or her being alive and is ready to end his or her life evermore. Beauty mode encompasses liberation mode and mind to freedom and intellect modes. With assurance and providing these aspects, security protects life, delivers satisfaction of life and continue beauty of life (Navidnia: 2009, 60)".

Source: Navidnia, Manijeh (2009) "Societal Security", Tehran: Research Institute of Strategic Studies.
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